The Virgin Mary, mother of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, holds a special place in Christianity, for many reasons, but one is due to her status as a queen. When some non-Catholic Christians hear this, they brush it off as an idolatrous Catholic invention, completely unbiblical and untruthful, but it’s quite the opposite. As always, when bringing up Mary and Marian dogma, one has to always turn to Christ to understand why she is important.
Every Christian will agree that Jesus Christ is a king. Not just that: He is the King. He is described as the “King of Kings, and Lord of Lords” (Revelations 19:16). When the archangel Gabriel appeared to Mary, he told her “Behold thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and shalt bring forth a son; and thou shalt call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the most High; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David his father; and he shall reign in the house of Jacob for ever. And of his kingdom there shall be no end.” (Luke 1:31-33). Since Jesus is the Son of David, he inherits the throne of David his father. Jesus always speaks of the Kingdom of God, or Kingdom of Heaven, which is the Kingdom of David.
What does Jesus being the King of the throne of David have to do with Mary? In the Old Testament, the king of the Davidic Kingdom had many wives, and not all could be queen. However, he only had one mother. His mother held the special status as Queen Mother, and even had a throne at his right hand side. She would intercede for the people, and would even ask the king for favors to be granted for the people. Bathsheba, the mother of Solomon, is one example of the Queen Mother’s role in the King’s life.
“So Bathsheba went to King Solomon, to speak to him on behalf of Adonijah. The king rose to meet her, and bowed down to her; then he sat on his throne, and had a throne brought for the king’s mother, and she sat on his right. Then she said, ‘I have one small request to make of you; do not refuse me.’ And the king said to her, ‘Make your request, my mother; for I will not refuse you.’ ” (1 Kgs 2:19-20)
At the Wedding in Cana, Mary asks Jesus to transform the wine into water, and he does just that.
“On the third day there was a wedding at Cana ….When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.”And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.”His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” (2 Jn 1-5)
Just as King Solomon did not deny his mother’s (the queen) request for assistance, neither did Jesus deny His own mother. The queen intercedes for the people. It is true that the Queen Mother was not always a nice person, and acted badly sometimes, but that is because she was a sinner, like all of us. The king was not always good either. However, this does not matter, since the Kingdom of God is the only perfect kingdom.
Mary is also mentioned as a woman with a crown of twelve stars on her head in the bible. “And a great sign appeared in heaven: A woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars” (Revelations 12:1). It goes on to mention that “she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with an iron rod: and her son was taken up to God, and to his throne” (Revelations 12:5). Obviously, this passage is speaking of Mary, since she gave birth to a male child who will “rule all nations with an iron rod.” Gabriel told Mary she was to give birth to a child that would “reign in the house of Jacob for ever.” (Luke 1:32).
One objection non-Catholics may make to Mary’s queenship is because of this passage:
“But we will certainly do every word that shall proceed out of our own mouth, to sacrifice to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to her.” (Jeremiah 44:17).
Just because an ancient pagan goddess was known as the queen of heaven does not mean that Mary is a pagan goddess too. Nebuchadnezzar, the pagan babylonian king, is called the king of kings in Daniel 2:37. Jesus is called the King of Kings in Revelations 19:16. This does not make Jesus pagan. Another thing to remember is that at this time, there was no Queen Mother in heaven. Mary was not even born yet. And we must keep in mind that Catholics do not worship Mary, but simply honor her as Christ did. Only the Blessed Trinity is to be worshipped and adored.
The title given to the Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven and Earth is based on scripture. Since she is the mother of Jesus, the King of the Eternal Kingdom of God, that makes her the Queen Mother of the Eternal Kingdom of God.
“Never has that hope wavered which was placed in the mother of the Divine King, Jesus Christ. Nor has that faith ever failed by which we are taught that Mary, the Virgin Mother of God, reigns with a mother’s solicitude over the entire world.”
-Encyclical Ad caeli Reginam of Pope Pius XII proclaiming the Queenship of Mary, Oct. 11, 1954.